Male Health: Pollen Extracts - click
What about pollen?
People sometimes confuse pollen
with pollen extracts. Pollen is the substance found in plants that
fertilizes other, like plants. It consists of fine, powdery, yellowish
grains or spores, sometimes in masses. Bees collect this for the hive.
When this pollen is gathered from bees and the bee hive it is generally
known as bee pollen.
In a pollen extract, the
pollen is gathered from plants and then is extracted in the laboratory.
Bee pollen is also known as a healthful food and as a general tonic for
good health. Many athletes use it, as it is said to enhance performance.
(We do not sell bee pollen but you can find it in your local
healthstore. Many people do not like the texture of bee pollen but
it can be added to fruit shakes, if you wish.) Rye Pollen is stronger
and can be taken in capsule form rather than granules.
AIM's ReAssure is exactly that. All of our men's products can
be found in that section of our catalog.
Pollen and pollen extracts have long been used to maintain good health.
Perhaps the better-known pollen product is bee pollen, which has been
used as a tonic for centuries. Another pollen product, pollen extract,
is beginning to become known for helping to maintain urogenital health.
Literature on pollen extract focuses on three physiological effects:
Smooth muscle contraction, anti-inflammatory action, and effects on
Smooth muscle contraction is
important in prostate problems because muscle contraction plays a role
in allowing the bladder to void. When the muscles at the neck of the
bladder are tense, urinary problems may result. Spasms and unwanted
tension in the muscles that line the bladder are found in many cases of
prostatitis. (1) If muscle contraction is inhibited, and muscle relaxes,
it may facilitate the discharge of urine. (1)
Early research on pollen extract and smooth muscle was done in 1985. It
used a pollen extract with a high degree of corn pollen and studied its
effect on the smooth muscle of mice and pigs. (2)
Pollen extracts contracted mouse bladder and inhibited contraction of
both pig and mouse urethral strips. The researchers end their discussion
by noting that, "Therefore, the pollen extract may inhibit the urethral
contraction and reduce the intraurethral pressure, and thus may
facilitate urine discharge … "
Anti-inflammatory action is important because
many prostate problems are due to its inflammation. Inflammation may
cause pain or enlargement of the prostate. Enlargement results in a
pinching and constricting of the urethra, the tube that carries urine
from the bladder through the penis. If the urethra is constricted, urine
will not flow easily, and dribbling or "spurting" may result.
Evidence that pollen extract has
anti-inflammatory properties comes from both animal and clinical
studies. Animal studies have shown that pollen extract counteracts the
inflammatory process in induced liver damage in rats and that pollen
extract significantly reduces induced inflammatory conditions in rodents
Clinical studies speculate that
anti-inflammatory action is responsible for improvement in patients with
prostatitis and prostatodynia.
In a small trial, Buck, et al., (3) treated 15
patients with nonbacterial prostatitis or prostatodynia with pollen
extract. At the time of the trial, the patients had suffered from
symptoms for periods ranging from five months to seven years. Symptoms
included dysuria (difficulty in urinating) and frequency of urination.
Treatment with pollen extract lasted anywhere
from 1 month to 18 months. Seven patients became symptom-free, six
improved significantly, and two failed to respond.
The authors suggest that pollen extracts’
benefits are due to an anti-inflammatory effect but caution that further
study is necessary to discover the exact mode of action.
Pollen extracts may affect the hormone 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone
(DHT). Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) may be due to too much DHT,
increased binding of DHT to the prostate cells, or decreased clearance
of DHT (1).
According to Dallas Clouatre, Ph.D., in his book
Pollen Extract for Prostate Health, (1) data have indicated that
pollen extracts should either inhibit the formation of DHT by blocking
the contributing enzyme or act to block the binding of DHT to the
receptor. The tentative conclusion is that pollen extracts inhibit the
binding of DHT to the receptor; in other words, they improve the
clearance of DHT.
Other studies have only looked at
clinical results. Buck, et al., writing in the British Journal of
Urology, (4) conclude that pollen extract "has a beneficial effect
in BPH and may have a place in the treatment of patients with mild or
moderate symptoms of outflow obstructions." In a double-blind,
placebo-controlled study, 60 patients with outflow obstruction due to
BPH took pollen extract or a placebo for six months. At the end of the
six months, 60 percent of the pollen extract group were improved or
symptom-free of nocturia (night urination), compared to 30 percent in
the placebo group. Fifty-seven percent of the pollen extract group
showed improved bladder-emptying, compared to only 10 percent of the
A 1993 (5) study looked at 90 patients who had
exhibited prostatitis symptoms for at least one year and were given a
pollen extract for six months. Some of the patients had complicating
factors such as urethral strictures. For patients without complicating
factors, symptoms were reduced. The prostate reverted to normal size in
15 of 39 cases and there was improvement in the time to peak flow.
Overall, 78 percent of these patients showed a clinical response and 36
percent were cured of symptoms, while 42 percent had improved symptoms.
Patients with complicating factors responded poorly. The authors of the
study note that pollen extract does have an important role in treatment
of prostatitis and prostatodynia, but that further study is needed to
determine its mode of action.
Dallas, Ph.D. Pollen Extract for Prostate Health. 1997. San
Francisco, CA: Pax Publishing.
Masayasu, I. Kimura, K. Nakase, T. Sonobe, and N. Mori. "Micturition
Activity of Pollen Extract: Contractile Effects of Bladder and
Inhibitory Effects on Urethral Smooth Muscle." April 1986. Planta
3. Buck, A.C., R.W.M. Rees, and L. Ebeling.
"Treatment of Chronic Prostatitis and Prostatodynia with Pollen
Extract." British Journal of Urology. 1990. 64.
4. Buck, A.C., R. Cox, R.W.M. Rees, L. Ebeling, and A. John. "Treatment
of Outflow Tract Obstruction Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia with
the Pollen Extract, Cernilton." British Journal of Urology. 1990.
5. Rugendorff, E.W., W. Weidner, L. Ebling, and
A.C. Buck. "Results of Treatment with Pollen Extract (Cernilton) in
Chronic Prostatitis and Prostatodynia." British Journal of Urology.
|Saw palmetto or pollen extracts? (Saw palmetto is
included in the men's progesterone cream Adam's Prostate and is absorbed
through the cream rather than taking the supplement; if you wish. Find it
Another herb frequently used for prostate health is saw
palmetto, and studies have indicated its effectiveness. Saw palmetto appears
to work by inhibiting an enzyme important in the production of DHT. Pollen
extract is superior to saw palmetto because it works through several
mechanisms, not just one. This means that users may experience greater
benefits, more quickly, through pollen extracts.
According to Dallas Clouatre, Ph.D., "Saw palmetto does have an
established track record with prostate problems. Unfortunately, it typically
takes a very long time to work, about two or three months minimum, and you
have to take quite a bit …
"But the truth is the anti-inflammatory effect, the antioxidant effect,
the smooth muscle relaxing effect of the flower pollen extracts are
extremely important as part of their overall influence on the prostate. And
so what you’re looking at is an item that either has only one mode of
action, the saw palmetto, or a compound, the extracts, the flower pollen
extracts which have at least three modes of action. This is how I would
compare the two different items. It’s not the Saw Palmetto is bad, I think
the flower pollen extracts are better."
Tidbit from the Men's Science Newsgroup
to spermatozoa is a cause of male infertility, the cause of antibody
formation is unknown in most cases. It has been shown that the titer is
usually unchanged for as much as 16 years in the same individual. Trials
to reduce the titer with varying methods have not been successful. A new
possibility of treatment was indicated by the finding of a higher
incidence of prostatitis in men with sperm antibodies than in a control
group. Following treatment of prostatitis we observed a reduction of the
antibody titer in eight cases. In five cases the cervical mucus
penetrating capacity of the spermatozoa improved, and conception
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